Hi there! How are you doing? I know, you are getting more and more tired of coronavirus, quarantine, pandemic, and blah-blah-blah. Let’s wind down a little bit and continue on a somewhat forgotten category on our blog – the identity of famous brands. In this article, it’s going to be Nike.
The very first sneakers I bought for my first earned money were a pair of Nikes. Oh God, how ugly they appear to be now, jeez. However, since then, Nike is one of my favourite brands that I love, respect, and…well, I have something warm in my heart reminding myself of that pair of acid-green 90’s Air Max sneakers. Furthermore, I tried to draw the swoosh everywhere on my things so it can be branded. Soapy, isn’t it?
Nike company is one of the most successful brands in the world and every their ad, campaign, and even small moves are always heartedly discussed. Why? They are successful and catchy; the company knows how to have people involved and excited. But still, talking about this road from rags to riches, we are always missing one detail – Nike branding strategy. The Swoosh and slogan ‘Just do it’ are one of the best in the history of sports and marketing, but how did they come to life?
Brand Story of Nike
‘64-’79: Asics is Nike!
Have you heard about ASICS shoes and sportswear? Phil Knight and his coach Bill Bowerman first started their company as distributors of ASICS brand items. It happened in 1964 and the company name was Blue Ribbon Sports. By the way, here is their logo:
In 1971, the upcoming Nike company had outgrown Asics and that year was a year of rebranding: official swoosh and brand were established. The very first officially accepted logo looked like that:
The logo was drawn by Carolyn Davidson – the University of Oregon student where both Phill and Bill have been studying. At first, guys did not like the idea of using such swoosh. Why? Just because. There was no particular reason, which is a good reminder that sometimes you should leave your personal taste out of design matters. And that is, fortunately, exactly what Phill and Bill did later.
Interesting fact: None of the founders were designers, and thus, they asked students to come up with the idea of a logo. Try to guess how much they paid for the logo – just take several seconds to choose some number. Figured it out? Okay, sooooooo here’s the drum roll… $35 only! Yep, the company with the revenue of $39.1 billion (in 2019) bought the identity which is now famous all around the globe only for $35. The author was paid $2 hourly. If to interpret these 17.5 hours to modern prices, the logo price would be approximately $200. This is still extremely cheap!
Talking about substance, what does this branding mean? It originated from Greece god of victory – Nike. Since they wanted to produce sports clothing and shoes, this story felt inspiring and sat well with company owners in the end. As you can see, the swoosh reminds of the goddess’ wing. With the logo ready, the only thing to figure out was the process of building a strong brand identity.
And now, folks, a question: could they theoretically have spent even less time working on the logo if they had been using Approval Studio? Since I don’t like guessing games very much, you are welcome to find it out for yourself!
’78-’85: Futura Bold Condensed Oblique
After 7 years of raising the brand, Nike decided to implement some changes. First of all, they have made the logo more modern and gave it a better proportion. The font was changed to Futura Bold Condensed Oblique with minor other alterations. Why did Phill and Bill change the identity of a brand that has been taking 50% of all sports goods and clothing of those times? Just to make more!
Since the naming and the logo itself were mixed, founders decided to modify the identity and make it more memorable and comprehensive. They put the naming above the swoosh, so it could be easily readable and united the last letter with the tail. Also, big letters were used to make it more ‘shouting’ so the brand design can be easily noticeable among others.
‘85-’95: The Red Square and ‘Just Do It’
In those years, the only change the company made was the square. Yep, an extremely well-known logo appeared in a red rectangular shape for the first time.
At the time of those changes, Nike started a huge advertising campaign signing big sport celebrities, and one of them was a basketball player Michael Jordan. Some people rumour it was Michael together with his team Chicago Bulls who influenced this ‘square’ change since the star was Nike’s priority.
Also, the new branding idea was announced in 1987. ‘Just Do It’ slogan was the history breaker since Nike had tough times and had been trying to win the war against Reebok. Spoiler alert, they obviously won!
‘Just Do It’: the murderer and first lady who inspired Nike
Why have we decided to choose this slogan to discuss? Well, this is the most legendary and famous one that Nike has made and it has a peculiar history of its creation. And I bet that you have a friend who wore a t-shirt with the slogan or you had it yourself.
The slogan was introduced in 1987 but the idea had come ten years before this. Have you ever heard of Gary Gilmore? He was a person who killed 2 people and became the first person in the US who was sentenced to death in a 10-year period (1977). His last words before execution were ‘Let’s do it’.
However, no one paid real attention to that. Ten years later, despite the fact that Nike has already signed Michael Jordan, they had some tough times. As we have mentioned before, Reebok was the main competitor and a serious threat to Nike’s sports brand crown. Thus, Nike needed something new to win all the attention in this marketing war.
Coming back to the murderer, Dan Wieden – Nike’s advertising executive – could not forget this event since his company was based in the same area where the sentenced man lived. Brainstorming ideas for the new slogan, he noticed the campaign run by Nancy Reagan – ‘Just Say No’. He made up those two phrases and… boom! You already know what happened and who developed one of the coolest marketing catchphrases of all times.
Right after the slogan’s creation, the executives had to choose the person who could lead the new campaign. Despite Michael Jordan was a superstar and seemed an obvious choice, he was not the first who became the face of the ‘Just Do It’ campaign. It was 80-year-old marathoner Walt Stack. Nike has made a funny commercial with Walt that went viral. After the video went on TVs, the company started to receive tons of emails every single day with similar stories from people all over the world. Let’s take a look at the original ad:
‘95 – today: The Swoosh
In 1995 the logo was finally redesigned, and we today we can see only the swoosh:
Do I need to explain the importance of brand image? Talking classics, ‘I’m loving it’ (I wish McDonald’s paid me for this, haha). I really love this variant of the swoosh the most. It’s simple, clear, and, what is the most crucial, extremely memorable. Also, it allows you to make tons of customizations and manipulate with it however you want. For instance, you can take a look at what rap star Travis Scott and Nike made together. Reverse swoosh is a simple but extremely successful decision:
To my mind, the red square could make it troublesome to come up with variations that may work out for modern customers. However, Nike left the red color and still implements it in many of its designs. Generally speaking, Nike brand positioning now is the minimalistic logo which not only means victory but also speed, athleticism, and quality of apparel.
Best Nike Advertisements
Digitalization and the demand for something beautiful force every single company to be as creative as possible. Nike is not an exception. They are one of the leaders and trendsetters in marketing nowadays who not only developed great marketing campaigns but also managed to base them on the coolest ads ever. Let’s check some of them.
Bo Knows (1989)
Do you know Bo Jackson? Bo knows! The commercial came out in 1989 and became extremely viral. Bo Jackson was an athlete who could play professionally both baseball and American football. Nike, having such a person, decided to create a fun ad, emphasizing Bo’s versatility.
Phone Ads (1995-1997)
This one is among the best printed ads Nike has ever created. It was so good that no other commercials were needed. The main idea was to create a set of sneaker posters with the number on them. When you call the specific number, celebrity or athlete recorded voice tells you the details about the pair and its peculiarities. Simple, good-looking, and creative ad. Approved!
Nike Football: Write the Future! (2010)
This is one of the posters of ‘Write the Future’ commercial in 2010 that truly shows brand identity. It was one of the commercials which I watch with my breath held every single time. What is more, the posters are great and I love the idea of depicting stars as statues that are moving. This shows us that every move of Nike athletes becomes legendary and memorable. Great commercial as a video ad and as a design creation.
Nike Bench (2012)
How do you like this one? Modern problems require modern solutions! Creative piece of advertising that will stay in my mind till I die. Every time I am running and see benches this ad straight appears in my head. A creative commercial that is memorable even with no celebrities starred.
The last few words
Nike is a strong brand that remains the best one in the world for decades. They prove it in different ways and spheres. Starting from the memorable logo and ending with catchy commercials, the company proves its superiority and creative potential. Their revenue is almost $40 billion. Most of the star athletes have a contract with Nike: Lebron James, Michael Jordan, Cristiano Ronaldo, and many more. Nike has even a unique history: logo for $35, redesigns, tough times, murderer’s influence, and first lady who inspired the naming of the best Nike’s campaign. What does such a company need? You are right, perfect branding. Hmm…wait a minute…